# CIS115 Final Exam 1

1. (TCO 1) What does IPO of IPO Model stand for? (Points : 4)

2. (TCO 1) What is a data item with a name and a value that remain the same during the execution of a program? (Points : 4)

3. (TCO 1) What symbol in a flowchart would be used by a developer to represent an input or output operation? (Points : 4)

4. (TCO 1) Set is a process. What data type would you expect the variable, name, to have? (Points : 4)

5. (TCO 1) You are using dollar amounts in an algorithm. What data type would you assign? (Points : 4)

6. (TCO 2) What tool is used by developers to design logic using specific shapes/symbols? (Points : 4)

7. (TCO 2) When a program evaluates mathematical expression, which of the following operators (or mathematical operations) has the lowest precedence? (Points : 4)

8. (TCO 2) Using the assignment statement, + sales, which side of the equal sign is evaluated first? (Points : 4)

9. (TCO 2) What value will be contained in the variable, x, after the following statement is executed?
* 5 / 10 + 6 (Points : 4)

10. (TCO 2) Review the partial pseudocode below. What is the correct math expression to complete the algorithm and total sales for both regions?
Prompt “Enter total sales for region 1: ”
Input region1
Prompt “Enter total sales for region 2: ”
Input region2
Set _____
Display “total sales: ” + total (Points : 4)

11. (TCO 3 & 4) Review the pseudocode below. What will be displayed when this algorithm executes?
Set
If ((x > 10) AND (x < 20))="">
Display “the IF path executes”
Else
Display “the ELSE path executes”
EndIf (Points : 4)

12. (TCO 3 & 4) What value gets displayed for the variable X?
Set
Set
Set
If (B > 15) AND (() OR (C <= 15))="">
Set
Else
Set
EndIf
Display X (Points : 4)

13. (TCO 3 & 4) In the following pseudocode, what raise will an employee in Department 6 receive?
If department < 2="">
Set
Else
If department < 6="">
Set
Else
Set
EndIf
EndIf (Points : 4)

14. (TCO 3 & 4) Which of the selection structures determines if the user enters a number between 20 and 45? (Points : 4)

15. (TCO 3 & 4) What value gets displayed for the variable Z?
Set
Set
Set
If ((balance <> 800) OR (stateCode <> 6) OR (creditCode <> 7) then
Set
Else
Set
EndIf
Display Z (Points : 4)

1. (TCO 5) The variable used to create an expression controlling the loop is known as the _____. (Points : 4)

2. (TCO 5) Which of the following statements is false? (Points : 4)

3. (TCO 5) Which control structure is classified as a loop? (Points : 4)

4. (TCO 5) Repetition that loops a certain number of times is typically referred to as _____. (Points : 4)

5. (TCO 5) How many times will the following loop be executed?
Set
DOWHILE x <> 7
Display x
Set + 1
ENDO (Points : 4)

6. (TCO 7) What is a subscript or an index? (Points : 4)

7. (TCO 7) Suppose you have an array named number and two of its elements are number(1) and number(4). You know that _____. (Points : 4)

8. (TCO 7) What is the value of the index used to access the last element in a zero-based array declared as num(12)? (Points : 4)

9. (TCO 7) When loading/initializing the elements of an array, what control structure is used to move through each element within the array? (Points : 4)

10. (TCO 7) A zero-based array named sales has been declared and loaded with the values: 100, 1100, 3400, 5550, 3000, 22300, 1200. What value will be stored in the array element, sales(2)? (Points : 4)

11. (TCO 6) A record contains _____. (Points : 4)

12. (TCO 6) What are the three modes of operation on a file? (Points : 4)

13. (TCO 8) Many algorithms require direct communication from users. These types of algorithms are called _____. (Points : 4)

14. (TCO 9) What type of error occurs when an array subscript’s value goes beyond the total number of elements in the array? (Points : 4)

15. (TCO 2) What type of variable can be accessed by any module within the design? (Points : 4)

1. (TCO 10) A department store is having a customer appreciation sale. Depending on the total dollars purchased, the customer could receive a discount on total purchases. You are to develop pseudocode that will obtain the total dollars purchased from the user, determine the discount percent, and display the total amount due. When the purchases are more than \$500, the discount is 10%. When the purchases are \$500 or less, the discount is 6%. (Points : 10)

2. (TCO 10) A small business in your neighborhood would like an application developed that determines the average dollar amount spent for every three purchases. The user will enter three different purchase amounts. You need to display the average to your client. Complete the pseudocode to design your logic. (Points : 10)

3. (TCO 9 & 10) There is a logic error in the following pseudocode. What statement(s) would you need to add to correct the logic? Be sure to explain why you are adding the statements.
Set
DOWHILE num <=>
Set + num
ENDO
Display total (Points : 10)

4. (TCO 4 & 10) Complete the pseudocode by rewriting the algorithm. The design is determining the correct sales tax depending on the county identifying code. Counties with a number less than 7 have a 5% sales tax. The 8-24 codes have a sales tax of 7%. Codes above 24 have a sales tax of 9%. The code is entered by the user.
Begin
Declare Real salesTax
Declare ____ countyCode
_____ “Enter the county code: “
Input _____________
If _______ <= 7="">
Set
Else
If ______ AND ______ then
______________
Else
Set
EndIf
____________
Display “the sales tax is: “ + _______________
End (Points : 10)

5. (TCO 5 & 10) Complete the pseudocode by rewriting the algorithm. The design is to display a 60 second countdown.
Begin
Declare _______ count
Set
REPEAT
Display “countdown: “ + _______
Set - 1
UNTIL ___________
Display “LIFT OFF!”
End (Points : 10)

6. (TCO 4, 5 & 10) Complete the pseudocode by rewriting the algorithm. The colors red, blue, and yellow are known as primary colors because they cannot be made by mixing other colors. When you mix two primary colors, you get a secondary color. Mixing yellow and blue gets you green. Mixing red and blue gets you purple. The algorithm allows the user to enter two primary colors and then displays the resulting secondary color. The colors entered by the user will be validated to ensure they entered a primary color.
Begin
Declare String color1
Declare String color2
Declare String control1
Declare String control2
______ “Enter first primary color: “
Input _______
Prompt “Enter the second primary color: “
Input _________
Set control1 = “n”
DOWHILE control1 = “n”
If (color1 <> “yellow”) ______ (color1 <> “red”) _______ (color1 <> “blue”) then
Prompt “first primary color is invalid”
Input _________
Else
Set control1 = “y”
ENDO
Set control2 = “n”
DOWHILE control2 = “n”
If (color2 <> “yellow”) ______ (color2 <> “red”) _______ (color2 <> “blue”) then
Prompt “second primary color is invalid”
Input color2
Else
Set control2 = “y”
ENDO
If (color1 = “red”) AND (__________) then
Display “secondary color is: purple”
EndIf
If (color1 = “yellow”) AND (_________) then
Display “secondary color is: green”
EndIf
End (Points : 10)

7. (TCO 1, 2, 3, & 4) Describe the difference between a flowchart and pseudocode and explain whether one is more important to develop than the other. (Points : 10)

8. (TCO 1, 2, 3, 4, & 5) Compare and contrast sequence control structures and selection control structures. (Points : 10)

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